This subject divides into two halves: the first dealing broadly speaking with the constitutional / administrative law aspects of EC law and the second dealing with substantive law. The first half looks at the institutions of the EC and the nature of EC law as well as the history of the EC. Fundamental principles such as the supremacy and direct effect of EC law are also considered and they are at the heart of the relationship between national and EC law. We will also discuss how cases reach the European Court of Justice. Unlike an English court, it has no inherent jurisdiction and so its jurisdiction is laid down in the EC Treaty.
The second half of the course at City concentrates on some of the fundamental freedoms. Free movement of goods, which includes the customs union, the prohibition on discriminatory taxation, and the abolition of quantitative restrictions and measures with equivalent effect will be looked at. Free movement of workers and their families, freedom of establishment and freedom to provide services are examined. The interrelationship between these provisions on freedom of movement is considered. The law governing anti-competitive behaviour and practices is also dealt with.